Precis de doctrine et de culte Islamiques selon l'école Malekite

Dec 7, 2020


Welcome to Marjorie Cowley's website, where you can explore the fascinating world of Islamic doctrine and worship through the lens of the Malekite school. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the rich teachings and traditions of Islam, offering a unique insight into one of the major schools of thought within the Islamic faith.

Chapter 1: Understanding the Malekite School

The Malekite school of Islamic jurisprudence is one of the four main schools of thought within Sunni Islam. Named after its founder, Imam Malik ibn Anas, this school has played a significant role in shaping the understanding and practice of Islam for millions of Muslims around the world.

1.1 History and Origins

The Malekite school traces its roots back to the city of Medina in the 8th century. Imam Malik, a renowned scholar, developed a systematic approach to Islamic law and principles based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad and the practices of the early Muslim community in Medina.

1.2 Principles and Methodology

At the core of the Malekite school's teachings are the principles of consensus (ijma'), analogy (qiyas), and scholarly discretion (istihsan). These principles, along with the meticulous study of Quran and Hadith (Prophetic traditions), form the basis for deriving legal rulings in various areas of life.

Chapter 2: Islamic Doctrine

Central to the Malekite school's teachings is a comprehensive understanding of Islamic doctrine, including beliefs about God, prophethood, revelation, and the afterlife. In this chapter, we explore these fundamental aspects of the faith in great detail.

2.1 Monotheism and the Nature of God

The Malekite school upholds the belief in the oneness of God (tawhid) as the central principle of Islam. According to this school, God is transcendent, with attributes that are affirmed in the Quran and Hadith while avoiding any anthropomorphic interpretations.

2.2 Prophethood and Revelation

Imam Malik emphasized the importance of accepting and following the guidance of the Prophet Muhammad as the final messenger of God. The Malekite school acknowledges the authority of the Quran and Hadith as the primary sources of religious guidance.

2.3 The Afterlife and Judgment

In this section, we explore the Malekite school's teachings on the concept of life after death, including the belief in resurrection, accountability, and the ultimate reward or punishment based on one's deeds in this world.

Chapter 3: Worship and Rituals

Islamic worship and rituals are an integral part of the Malekite school's teachings. Understanding the practical aspects of Islamic worship is crucial for any believer. Let's explore the rituals and practices recommended by the Malekite tradition.

3.1 Salah (Prayer)

Salah, or prayer, holds a central position in the life of a Muslim. The Malekite school offers detailed guidance on the proper performance of the five daily prayers, including the movements, recitations, and etiquettes associated with each prayer.

3.2 Fasting

During the holy month of Ramadan, Muslims around the world observe fasting from dawn until sunset. The Malekite school provides specific guidelines on the observance of fasting, including exemptions, recommended practices, and the spiritual significance of this pillar of Islam.

3.3 Zakat (Charity)

Zakat, or obligatory charity, is an essential aspect of Islamic practice. The Malekite school offers detailed instructions on calculating and distributing zakat, as well as practical tips on how to fulfill this social obligation to support those in need.

3.4 Hajj (Pilgrimage)

The pilgrimage to Mecca, known as Hajj, is one of the five pillars of Islam. The Malekite school provides guidance on the rituals and acts of worship associated with Hajj, allowing believers to fulfill this sacred obligation in accordance with the teachings of Imam Malik.

Chapter 4: Contemporary Relevance

The teachings of the Malekite school have shaped the lives of Muslims in various regions and continue to be relevant in the modern world. In this chapter, we examine the contemporary relevance of the Malekite school's doctrines and practices.

4.1 Application in Muslim Majority Countries

Understanding the Malekite school is particularly important in countries where it serves as the dominant school of thought in matters of personal status, family law, and other legal aspects influenced by Islamic principles.

4.2 Contributions to Islamic Scholarship

The Malekite school has produced numerous scholars who have made significant contributions to Islamic jurisprudence and Hadith studies. We explore the enduring legacy of these scholars and their impact on Islamic scholarship.

4.3 Harmonizing Tradition and Modernity

Through its emphasis on consensus and adaptability, the Malekite school offers a framework for reconciling traditional teachings with the challenges of the modern world. This section discusses how the Malekite school encourages Muslims to navigate the complexities of contemporary society while remaining rooted in their faith.


Marjorie Cowley invites you to embark on a journey into the world of Islamic doctrine and worship through the Malekite school. Delve into this comprehensive guide and explore the depth and beauty of Islam's teachings, while also gaining a deeper understanding of the Malekite tradition. Begin your exploration today and discover the timeless wisdom that has guided Muslims for centuries.

Geoffery Tizard
C'est incroyable ! Une belle introduction sur l'Islam Malekite 🌟
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