Islam: Aqeeda - Theology - العقيدة - علم الكلام

May 25, 2021


Welcome to Marjorie Cowley's comprehensive guide on Islam's Aqeeda (creed) and Theology (العقيدة - علم الكلام). In this section, we will delve into the core beliefs and principles that shape the Islamic faith. Through detailed discussions and thoughtful analysis, we aim to provide you with a deeper understanding of the rich body of knowledge that guides millions of Muslims around the world.

The Importance of Aqeeda

Aqeeda plays a crucial role in Islam, as it defines the fundamental beliefs that form the foundation of the entire faith. It encompasses a wide range of theological concepts and principles, helping individuals develop a comprehensive understanding of their relationship with Allah (God) and their purpose in life.

Aqeeda and Tawheed

Central to Aqeeda is the concept of Tawheed, which asserts the belief in the oneness of Allah. Muslims believe that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the final messenger sent by Him. Tawheed guides Muslims in their worship, moral conduct, and interactions with others.

Exploring the Pillars of Iman

In our exploration of Aqeeda, we will also discuss the Six Pillars of Iman, which outline the essential beliefs that every Muslim should uphold. These pillars include belief in Allah, His angels, His revealed books, His messengers, the Day of Judgment, and divine destiny. Understanding and embracing these pillars is vital for deepening one's faith and leading a righteous life.

Theology: العقيدة - علم الكلام

Additionally, our guide will delve into the realm of Islamic theology, known as العقيدة - علم الكلام in Arabic. This field encompasses the scholarly study and exploration of Islamic beliefs, doctrines, and philosophical concepts. Theology offers a deeper understanding of the intellectual and philosophical aspects of Islam, bridging the gap between faith and reason.

Key Concepts in Islamic Theology

Islamic theology covers a range of topics, including the nature of God, knowledge, free will, predestination, and the relationship between faith and reason. Through the lens of العقيدة - علم الكلام, scholars and intellectuals have sought to address complex philosophical questions in light of Islamic teachings, creating a robust intellectual tradition within Islam.

Majestic Islamic Heritage and Philosophy

Exploring Islamic theology allows us to uncover the majestic heritage and philosophy within the religion. From the works of renowned scholars like Ibn Sina, Al-Ghazali, and Ibn Rushd, to the rich intellectual discourse of contemporary theologians, the Islamic tradition offers a wealth of profound insights that continue to shape the Muslim community today.


We hope that this comprehensive guide on Islam's Aqeeda and Theology has provided you with valuable knowledge and a deeper appreciation for the rich heritage of Islamic faith. By exploring the fundamental concepts, beliefs, and intellectual traditions within Islam, we aim to promote greater understanding and dialogue among all individuals, fostering respect and harmony in our diverse world.

Marjorie Cowley is committed to promoting awareness and understanding of Islam and its teachings. Through insightful articles, books, and resources, we strive to contribute to a more informed and inclusive society. Join us on this enlightening journey, and let us explore the profound depths of Islam together.