NVG113 - M3 Lee/Grant Medium Tank 1941–45

Apr 19, 2022
Vehicle Models


The M3 Lee/Grant Medium Tank played a significant role during World War II, serving as a versatile armored vehicle used by various nations. Developed in the early 1940s, the M3 Lee/Grant was a response to the increasing demand for effective medium tanks capable of carrying out various battlefield tasks. In this article, we will explore the history, design, development, and use of this remarkable tank.

Design and Development

The M3 Lee/Grant was designed with a unique configuration, featuring a dual-gun turret and a hull with a powerful 75mm gun. This design allowed the tank to serve multiple purposes, including infantry support and anti-tank roles. The idea behind this configuration was to combine the heavy firepower of the 75mm gun with the ability to carry troops in the turret area.

The development of the M3 Lee/Grant began in response to the British Army's urgent requirement for a medium tank. American and British engineers collaborated to create a vehicle that could meet this demand. The resulting tank, named after the Confederate General Robert E. Lee and Union General Ulysses S. Grant, was first delivered to British forces in North Africa in 1941.


The M3 Lee/Grant Medium Tank had a crew of six, including the commander, driver, gunner, loader, and two assistants. It weighed approximately 28 tons and measured around 19 feet in length, 9 feet in width, and 10 feet in height. The tank was powered by a Wright R975 EC2 radial engine, providing a top speed of 26 miles per hour on roads and 16 miles per hour off-road.

Its primary armament consisted of a 75mm M2 or M3 gun in a turret, accompanied by various secondary weapons such as machine guns. The tank also featured a low-profile hull design, which made it less vulnerable to enemy fire.

Combat Performance

The M3 Lee/Grant saw action in several theaters of World War II, with notable deployments in North Africa, Europe, and the Pacific. The tank proved effective against enemy armor and played a pivotal role in numerous battles.

One of the tank's key achievements was its contribution to the British victory at El Alamein in 1942. The M3 Lee/Grant's firepower and durability played a crucial role in breaking the German lines, leading to a turning point in the North African campaign.

Legacy and Influence

Despite its unique design, the M3 Lee/Grant was temporarily overshadowed by more advanced tanks later in the war. However, its contribution to armored warfare cannot be underestimated. The lessons learned from its development and deployment helped shape future tank designs.

The M3 Lee/Grant's versatility and firepower made it influential in the development of subsequent tanks, such as the M4 Sherman. Its impact can be seen in the evolution of armored vehicles during and after World War II.


The M3 Lee/Grant Medium Tank 1941–45 played a significant role in World War II, showcasing its versatility and firepower on the battlefield. With its unique design and successful combat performance, it left a lasting impact on armored warfare. Today, the tank stands as a testament to the innovation and engineering prowess of its time, reminding us of the sacrifices and achievements made during one of the most challenging periods in history.