Glossary of Economics Terms (English-Arabic)

Mar 19, 2022

Welcome to Marjorie Cowley's glossary of economics terms, providing a comprehensive collection of English-Arabic translations for key concepts in the field of economics. Whether you're a student, scholar, or just a curious individual, this resource will enhance your understanding of economics through detailed definitions and explanations.

What is Economics?

Economics is the study of how individuals, organizations, and societies make choices regarding the allocation of scarce resources. It is a social science concerned with production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

The Importance of Economics

Economics plays a vital role in understanding the world and making informed decisions. It helps us analyze and interpret economic data, understand market behavior, evaluate policy choices, and predict economic outcomes. By studying economics, we gain insights into the functioning of industries, trade, finance, and global economies.

Economics Terms

Our glossary includes a wide range of economics terms, providing clear and concise definitions for each concept. Below are some essential terms you may come across:

  • Demand: The quantity of a good or service that consumers are willing and able to purchase at a given price.
  • Supply: The quantity of a good or service that producers are willing and able to offer for sale at a given price.
  • Inflation: The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising, eroding purchasing power.
  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): The total monetary value of all final goods and services produced within a country's borders in a specific time period.
  • Monopoly: A market structure characterized by a single producer dominating the industry, resulting in limited competition.
  • Interest Rate: The cost of borrowing or the return on lending, expressed as a percentage over a specific period.
  • Opportunity Cost: The value of the next best alternative forgone when an economic choice is made.
  • Deficit: When expenses exceed revenues, resulting in negative net income or negative cash flow.

Economic Concepts Explained

Our glossary goes beyond providing definitions by offering detailed explanations of key economic concepts. Let's explore some of the concepts further:

Demand and Supply

Demand refers to the quantity of a product or service that consumers are willing to buy at a given price, while supply represents the quantity of the same product or service available in the market. The interaction between demand and supply is fundamental in determining prices and quantities in a market economy.

Inflation and GDP

Inflation is the persistent increase in the general price level of goods and services over time, eroding the purchasing power of money. Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on the other hand, measures the total value of all goods and services produced within a country's borders, providing insights into the overall economic performance.

Monopoly and Competition

A monopoly exists when a single producer dominates an industry, usually resulting in limited or no competition. Conversely, competition promotes market efficiency, innovation, and consumer choice by having multiple producers offering similar products or services.

Interest Rate and Opportunity Cost

Interest rate is the cost of borrowing or the return on lending money, influencing investment decisions and economic growth. Meanwhile, opportunity cost refers to the value of the alternative forgone when a particular choice is made, emphasizing the concept of trade-offs in decision-making.

Deficit and Debt

A deficit occurs when expenses exceed revenues, resulting in negative net income or negative cash flow. When a government consistently incurs deficits, it accumulates debt, potentially imposing burdens on future generations.


Marjorie Cowley's glossary of economics terms serves as a valuable resource for anyone seeking a deeper understanding of the economic concepts that shape our world. Whether you're a student, researcher, or simply curious about economics, our comprehensive collection of definitions and explanations will help you navigate the complex terrain of this fascinating field.

Peter Witzleb
Great resource for economic translations!
Nov 10, 2023