Ana Muslim 1: Arkan al-Islam

Aug 9, 2023


Welcome to Marjorie Cowley, your trusted source for arts, entertainment, books, and literature. In this section, we delve into the core principles of Islam, specifically focusing on the Arkan al-Islam - the fundamental pillars of the Islamic faith.

Arkan al-Islam: The Foundations of Islamic Faith

Islam, which means "submission," is an Abrahamic religion that revolves around the belief in a single, all-powerful God - Allah, and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). The Arkan al-Islam comprises five pillars that form the foundation of Islamic practice and belief.

1. Shahada (Testimony of Faith)

The Shahada is the first pillar of Islam and serves as a declaration of belief. It proclaims, "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger." By reciting this testimony of faith sincerely, an individual formally declares their acceptance of the Islamic faith.

2. Salah (Prayer)

Salah, or prayer, is one of the most important acts of worship in Islam. Muslims perform five daily prayers as a means to connect with Allah and seek His guidance. These prayers serve as a constant reminder of their submission to God and help cultivate a deeper spiritual connection.

3. Zakah (Charity)

Zakah is an obligatory form of charity in Islam. It involves giving a percentage of one's wealth to those in need, with the aim of promoting social welfare, alleviating poverty, and fostering empathy and compassion. Through Zakah, Muslims fulfill their duty to support their communities and provide aid to the less fortunate.

4. Sawm (Fasting)

Sawm, or fasting, is observed during the holy month of Ramadan. Muslims abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs from dawn to sunset. Fasting is not only a test of self-discipline and self-control but also serves as a time for reflection, increased devotion, and deepening one's relationship with Allah.

5. Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca)

Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is a significant act of worship and one of the five pillars of Islam. Every physically and financially able adult Muslim is obligated to undertake this pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime, if circumstances permit. Hajj symbolizes unity, equality, and spirituality, as millions of Muslims from around the world come together to perform the same rituals.


The Arkan al-Islam, the five pillars of Islam, serve as the cornerstones of the Islamic faith. Through the Shahada, Salah, Zakah, Sawm, and Hajj, Muslims demonstrate their commitment to their beliefs and practices. At Marjorie Cowley, we aim to provide comprehensive information and resources on various aspects of Islamic culture, literature, and arts, ensuring that individuals seeking to learn more about Islam find the valuable knowledge they seek.

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